The Martha Organization is a Finnish home economics organization, founded in 1899 to promote well-being and quality of life in the home. It provides cultural and civic education and engages in advocacy work in Finland.
Home economics is the main activity of Martat. We deal with:
- Food and nutrition
- Home gardening and environmental protection
- Household economics and consumer issues
In addition to this, the Marthas take part in a variety of campaigns in collaboration with other organizations and the authorities. Adult education is an important field of activities and is implemented in study groups. The themes vary from human relations, women and development, gardening and environment to cooking and healthy eating.
How it began
Towards the end of the 19th century, Finland was experiencing hard times under the Russian Empire. A group of far-sighted women realised that in order to endure these hardships Finland needed to start educational work at grass-root level, which is why the Martha Association was founded in 1899. Advice on very basic skills was needed in the home, and the association started to offer home economics counselling, first by visiting individual households, an activity that soon developed into planned courses.
In time, the Martha organization gained a firm footing both in rural areas and in towns. Its current membership count is 40 000, the majority being women. The members are organized into more than 1000 local clubs headed by elected leaders. The organization is divided into 14 districts. Each district association has an executive director, employed home economics specialists and an elected board. The national Marttaliitto (The Martha Association) has its headquarters in Helsinki. The magazine Martat has been published since 1902, and other material on home economics is being produced continuously. The organization has been receiving state subsidy since 1907 for the expenses incurred by home economics counselling.
We are international
Marttaliitto is a member of the Nordic Women’s Association (Nordens kvinnoförbund, NKF) and of the International Federation for Home Economics (IFHE). We have carried out local development projects with African Women’s NGOs since the early 1980s. At present, the Martha organization is involved in two projects: in Ethiopia (women with disabilities) and Malawi (prevention of sexual and gender-based violence). Our joint projects always provide beneficiaries with information on home economics, such as the nutritional value of locally produced food, as well as with entrepreneurship skills and small-scale financing for their business ideas. In Ethiopia, we focus on disabled women’s empowerment through life skills in home economics.